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Life & Health. News and information to advance your health and well-being.
August 2018
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Parents Need to Know is a newsletter written by Craig Collison, MD, pediatrician with Mount Nittany Physician Group.
How much spit up is normal?

It’s normal for all babies to spit up – so how do you know if your baby’s spit up habits are normal or a sign of something more serious? Gastroesophageal reflux (GER) occurs when the contents of your baby’s stomach move into the esophagus and comes out the mouth as spit up. GER typically presents itself around 2-3 weeks of age and resolves itself around 9-12 months old. If GER persists as your baby grows older or develops other systems, then it is considered gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Here’s how you can tell the difference:

Symptoms of GERD:

  • Baby refuses to feed
  • Crying and/or arching the back during feeds
  • Blood or greenish color in the spit up
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Ask the pediatrician: Potty training

Hi Dr. C.,

How can I tell if my two-year-old daughter is ready to start potty training?

Potty training is one of the biggest milestones in a young child’s life, and possibly even bigger for his or her parents. Unlike the moment a child first walks or says their first word, potty training is a process that spans a period of time that can last from a few weeks to many months (for the tough cases).

It may be the most stressful time for parents as they put their parenting skills to the test. Perhaps the most challenging aspect of potty training a child is the fact that you can’t do it for them. Potty training involves a series of skills that must be mastered by the child, which requires both a willingness on the child’s part and the developmental ability to accomplish those skills.

The following is a list of skills that all need to be accomplished to complete toilet training for children:

  1. Feel the urge
  2. Hold it in
  3. Communicate the need
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Keeping kids safe: Talking about bullying

Since it’s the start of a new school year, now is a good time to remind parents to talk with their kids about bullying and what to do if he or she is being bullied or is a witness to bullying:

  • Help kids understand bullying. Talk about what bullying is and how to stand up to it safely. Tell kids bullying is unacceptable. Make sure kids know how to get help.
  • Keep the lines of communication open. Check in with kids often. Listen to them. Know their friends, ask about school, and understand their concerns.
  • Encourage kids to do what they love. Special activities, interests and hobbies can boost confidence, help kids make friends, and protect them from bullying behavior.
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Recent product recalls

Here are recent product recalls announced by the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC). For the most up-to-date recall information, please visit and click on the Recalls tab from the home page.


Name of product: NEMO Equipment Stargaze recliner chairs

Hazard: The plastic joint supports attached to the legs of the chairs can break, posing a fall hazard.

Read Entire Article ›
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Mount Nittany Pediatrics
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