Identifying Kidney Stones
There are 4 general types of kidney stones. Your kidney stone's size and shape determine whether it is likely to pass by itself. Knowing a stone's composition helps your doctor find its cause. Then he or she can suggest the best treatment. X-rays or scans can help show the stone's size and shape. Your doctor may also give you a "strainer." You can use this to catch the stone while passing urine, and the doctor can then test the stone. Other urine and blood tests may be done to help identify the stone as well as various causes for different types of stones.
Treating your stones
You and your doctor will work together to form a treatment plan. Your doctor may suggest that you let your stone pass naturally. Or you may manage it with medications. SWL (shock wave lithotripsy), ureteroscopy (using a camera inside the body to remove the stone), or other procedures may also help. And you will be told how you can help prevent kidney stones in the future.