Stroke

The stroke program at Mount Nittany Medical Center is dedicated to providing you and your loved ones with expert care and comprehensive educational resources.

With information pertaining to symptoms, treatment, prevention, rehabilitation, and tips for caregivers, we strive to make people healthier by offering coordinated and skilled stroke care across the Centre region.

What is a stroke?

A stroke occurs when vital blood flow and oxygen to the brain are cut off. Stroke is the fourth leading cause of death in America, and can happen to anyone at any time.

When a blood clot blocks an artery, or a blood vessel breaks, blood flow to the brain is interrupted, brain cells begin to die, and brain damage occurs. As brain cells die during a stroke, abilities such as speech, movement, and memory can be lost. Stroke patients are affected in different ways, depending on where the stroke occurs in the brain and how much of the brain is damaged.

Approximately 55,000 more women than men have a stroke each year, and African Americans have almost twice the risk as Caucasians. This year alone, nearly 800,000 strokes will occur.

There are three main types of strokes that can occur:

  • Ischemic strokes are the most common type of stroke, accounting for about 87 percent of all cases. An Ischemic stroke occurs when arteries are blocked by blood clots or by the gradual build-up of plaque.
     
  • Hemorrhagic strokes occur when a blood vessel in the brain breaks and leaks blood into the brain. While less common than Ischemic strokes, Hemorrhagic strokes are responsible for more than 30 percent of all stroke deaths.
     
  • Transient Ischemic Attacks, abbreviated TIA and also known as “mini strokes,” increase with age. It is estimated that up to 40 percent of all people who suffer a TIA will then experience a full stroke.

 

Stroke: Reducing your risk - learn signs and symptoms of a stroke and how to reduce your risk.

Prevention & Support

Knowledge is power. Learn more about stroke symptoms, prevention, care and support.

Sieg Neuroscience Center

Mount Nittany Health's Sieg Neuroscience Center provides stroke patients with access to state-of-the-art treatment and rehabilitation resources, as well as board-certified neurologists, ensuring the highest quality of care in the region.

Wellness Library

Healthsheet Article

Effects of a Stroke on the Brain and Body

When blood supply is cut off from the brain, cells begin to die from lack of oxygen. Within minutes, skills such as reasoning, speech, and arm or leg movement may be lost. The type of skills and the amount of loss depend on two things: which part of the brain was affected and how much tissue was damaged. The brain is the body’s control center. The cerebellum controls the body’s coordination and balance. The brain stem links the brain and the spinal cord. It also handles basic body functions. The spinal cord carries messages between the brain and the body. A Stroke Causes Lost Skills Each part of the brain has a role related to a function in the body. Damage to any part of the brain limits its ability to carry out its role. Th...

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