When an infection is difficult to diagnose, includes high fever or doesn't respond to treatment, a primary care physician may refer patients to an infectious disease (ID) specialist.
ID specialists can diagnose and treat a number of diseases patients might be suffering from, including:
- Lyme disease
- Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA, a bacterial infection that is highly resistant to some antibiotics)
- Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
- Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)
- Sexually transmitted infections
- Epstein Barr (which can cause mononucleosis, commonly called mono)
Treatment for ID conditions will vary from case to case, but often includes prescription medication. Some ID patients can be instructed on how to use intravenous (IV) antibiotic therapy at home.
Physicians can also treat patients dealing with post-operation infections by prescribing medication or hyperbaric oxygen therapy treatments at the Center for Wound Care.
Mount Nittany Physician Group Providers
Health Break Article
Before antibiotics many infections were fatal. When antibiotics were introduced in the 1940s, many believed they were the definitive answer to curing bacterial infections. But within a few years some microbes had begun to develop resistance to these life-saving medicines. To some extent, developing resistance was an evolutionary survival response the microbes had to adapt to new their environment, one with antibiotics. Over the next couple of decades the problem with antibiotic-resistance continued to grow. With the discovery of more antibiotic types and greater use, more resistance developed. Staphylococcus aureus, referred to as staph, is a type of bacteria with which most people are familiar. Staph is also a bacteria that has develope...