Healthsheet

Understanding Veins

Understanding Veins

Cutaway view of leg veins The ongoing flow of blood from the heart to the body and back to the heart again is called circulation. Blood vessels carry blood throughout your body. Veins are the vessels that return blood to the heart.

  Cutaway view of vein

Anatomy of a Vein

Veins have cuplike flaps called valves spaced along their inside walls. Valves open upward, so blood can move up the vein. Valves close to keep blood from falling back down the vein.

Cutaway view of vein
A contracting muscle squeezes blood through the valve up the vein.

Image
A relaxing muscle closes the valve, holding the blood in place.


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