Salmonella Infection (Salmonellosis)
Salmonella infection is also called salmonellosis. It is an illness that affects the intestines. It is caused by Salmonella bacteria. You can be infected from eating or drinking contaminated food or water. Beef, pork, chicken, eggs, and unpasteurized milk are more likely to carry this bacteria than other foods. Salmonella is most often passed through food that hasn’t been cooked well enough or that contacts raw meat or eggs.
To prevent transmission of Salmonella, wash all utensils, dishes, and cutting boards with soap and hot water, especially after preparing raw meats or eggs.
Common Symptoms of Salmonella Infection
Symptoms often appear 12-72 hours after you are infected. Symptoms include:
Diagnosing Salmonella Infection
A sample of your stool is taken and checked for Salmonella. More than one stool sample may be needed.
Treating Salmonella Infection
Most people get better within 5-7 days. Treatment is usually not needed. In some cases, antibiotics (drugs that treat infection) are given. While you are recovering, drink plenty of fluids. This helps prevent dehydration. Do not take antidiarrheal medication unless told to by a doctor. This medication can prevent the body from getting rid of the bacteria. It can also make the illness last longer.
Call Your Healthcare Provider If You Have:
Preventing Salmonella Infection
Follow these steps to lessen the chances of getting or passing on Salmonella infection:
Wash your hands well with soap and warm water. Do this often. Make sure to wash before preparing meals. Wash after going to the bathroom, changing diapers, or handling pets. Teach your child to do the same.
Use a food thermometer when cooking. Cook poultry to at least 165°F. Cook pork and ground meats to at least 160°F. Cook beef or lamb to at least 145°F. Cook eggs until the yolks are firm and are not still runny.
Wash or peel fresh fruits and vegetables before eating.
Wash cutting boards and utensils with hot water and soap after each use. After preparing raw meat or eggs, clean boards and counters with bleach or disinfectant.