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Birth Control: The Pill

Birth Control: The Pill

Woman standing at bathroom sink taking birth control pill.

Birth control pills contain hormones that help prevent pregnancy. The hormones stop the ovaries from releasing a mature egg. The pills are prescribed by your health care provider. There are many types of birth control pills available. If you have side effects from one type of pill, tell your health care provider. He or she may be able to prescribe a pill that works better for you.

Pregnancy Rates

Talk to your health care provider about the effectiveness of this birth control method.

Using the Pill

  • Take one pill daily. Take it at around the same time each day.

  • Follow your health care provider’s guidelines on when to start your first pack of pills. You may need to use another form of birth control for a week or more after you start.

  • Know what to do if you forget to take a pill. (Consult your health care provider or check the package.) If you miss more than one pill, you may need to use a backup method of birth control for a week or more.

Pros

  • Low pregnancy rate.

  • No interruption to sex.

  • Easy to use.

  • Can help make periods more regular.

  • May lower your risk of ovarian cysts and certain cancers.

  • May decrease menstrual cramps, menstrual flow, and acne.

Cons

  • Does not protect against sexually transmitted infection (STIs).

  • Requires taking a pill on time each day.

  • May not work as well when taken with certain other medications. Check with your pharmacist.

  • May cause side effects such as nausea, weight gain, breast tenderness, fatigue, or mood changes. These often go away within 3 months.

  • May increase the risk of blood clots, heart attack, and stroke.

The pill may not be for you if:

  • You are a smoker and over age 35.

  • You have high blood pressure or gallbladder, liver, or heart disease.

  • You have diabetes, migraines, bleeding, or vein problems. (In these cases, discuss the risks with your doctor.)


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