Healthsheet

IV Care: Using IV Antibiotics

IV Care: Using IV Antibiotics

Antibiotics are drugs that help the body fight infection. They work best when given by IV. Always gather and inspect your supplies before starting IV care.

Closeup of hands in sink with running water. Hands are covered with soap suds.

Know Your Medication

  • Read the drug sheet that comes with the antibiotic. Be aware of any warnings and side effects.

  • Check the medication label before starting an IV. Make sure the patient name, the medication name, and the dose are correct.

  • Do not use medication with an expired date.

  • Do not use medication that has particles in it.

  • Do not use an IV bag with cracks or tears.

Clean Worksite and Hands

  • Wipe the worksite before setting up for IV care. Use alcohol or soap and water. Put supplies on a clean cloth or on a fresh paper towel.

  • Wash your hands. Use warm water and liquid soap. Scrub 1 minute. Wash between your fingers. Rinse.

  • Dry your hands with a fresh paper towel. Use the paper towel to turn off the water. Set the paper towel aside, and throw it away after the IV care is done.

Handle Supplies As Directed

  • Store the antibiotic in a cool, dark place. Refrigerate if the package says you should.

  • Before using it, allow the antibiotic to get close to room temperature. Do not heat.

  • Run an IV as often as prescribed.

  • Put all used needles and syringes in a sharps box.

  • When the IV is done, put the used supplies in a plastic bag. Seal the bag and throw it in the trash.

Know These IV Basics

  • Hang the IV bag. The drip chamber should be at least 18 inches above your head.

  • Wipe all injection sites with alcohol before use.

  • Clean the catheter exit site as often as directed.

  • Flush the catheter with saline or heparin as directed.

  • Be sure all IV supplies are in sealed packets. If sterile packets are open, throw away those supplies.

When to Call the Nurse

  • Rash or hives

  • Fever or chills

  • Redness near the catheter exit site or at any spot along the catheter line

  • Swelling in the arm, neck, or chest

  • Drainage at the exit site

  • The catheter slips or comes out

  • The IV fluid doesn’t flow well through the tubing

If you have trouble breathing, call 911 or emergency services


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