Vision Problems (Infant/Toddler)

Vision Problems (Infant/Toddler)

A verbal child with vision problems may complain about not seeing objects clearly. He or she may have trouble reading. Other symptoms include squinting, rubbing the eyes, dizziness, or headaches. It is hard to tell if a young or nonverbal child has vision problems. Signs of vision problems in younger children include the inability to fixate on or follow objects and poor eye contact.

A common cause of vision problems in children is the need for glasses to see clearly. Strabismus (eyes out of alignment) is another common cause in children.

Your child may undergo tests to determine the cause of the vision problem. Treatment depends on the cause. Some children require eyeglasses. Others need to wear an eyepatch or be taught how to do eye exercises. To prevent further vision problems, it is best that appropriate treatment is started as early as possible.

Home Care:

  1. Tell the doctor if there is a family history of eye problems.

  2. Note whether your child is able to focus when reading or doing other close-up work.

  3. Encourage a child who must wear an eyepatch to not play with the patch.

  4. Help your child do eye exercises if they are recommended by the doctor.

  5. Consult with your doctor if you have any questions concerning your child’s vision.

  6. Your child will likely be referred to a pediatric ophthalmologist or an eye specialist trained to work with children.

Follow Up

as advised by the doctor or our staff.

Special Notes To Parents:

It takes several years for the visual system to mature. A child’s eyes are examined at all well-baby checkups. Around 3 years of age, a full visual exam is done. A child’s eyes should be examined before the child starts school.

Get Prompt Medical Attention

if any of the following occur:

  • Signs of vision problems including difficulty reading, squinting, or rubbing the eyes

  • Vision problem seems to get worse