For Teens: Birth Control Options
If you have sex, you can get pregnant. Birth control helps lessen the chance that you'll get pregnant during sex. Having sex is a serious decision that you should think about carefully. If you decide to have sex, your doctor can help you decide which type of birth control is best for you. Some of the most common types are described below. No matter which type you choose, remember to use it every time.
A condom is a thin covering that fits over the penis. A condom catches sperm that come out of the penis during sex. A condom also helps prevent the spread of certain sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).
Spermicide is a gel, foam, cream, or tablet that you put into your vagina. These kill sperm that touch them. They are most effective when used with a condom.
The birth control pill is taken daily to stop your body from releasing an egg each month. It has to be taken at the same time each day.
Hormones like the ones used in birth control pills can be given in other ways. These include a skin patch and a ring inserted in your vagina. Injections given each month or every three months are another option. You may find one of these methods easier to stick to than pills.
Diaphragm or Cervical Cap
Diaphragms and cervical caps are round rubber cups that keep sperm out of the uterus and hold spermicide in place. You put them into your vagina before you have sex.