First Aid: Burns
Call 911 immediately if the victim has any of the following:
While you wait for help:
1st Degree Burn: The injury may look and feel like a mild sunburn.
2nd Degree Burn: Outer and inner skin layers are burned and usually blister. The injury may be very painful.
3rd Degree Burn: All skin layers are destroyed. Injury looks charred or white. May cause little or no pain.
Seek medical help if any of the following is true:
Break Contact Between Heat Source and Skin
If clothes are drenched with hot liquid, remove them immediately. Or, stand the person—clothes and all—in a cool shower.
To smother flames, drop the victim to the ground and roll the body.
Cool the Burn Immediately
The body holds heat and continues to burn until the skin cools.
Hold the burn under cold running water; submerge the burn in a sinkful of water; or place water-soaked cloths, towels, or sheets over the burn. Add more cold water to the cloth as it absorbs heat from the burn.
DON'T use butter on a burn. Oil seals in heat and may cause infection.
Clean the Burn
Lift or cut away any clothing covering the burn. Any cloth fibers sticking to the injury should be removed by a healthcare provider.
Gently wash small first- or second-degree burns with mild soap and water.
DON'T break any blisters. They protect the burn from infection.
Bandage the Burn
Protect the burn with a clean, dry dressing loosely bandaged in place.
Place a clean, dry sheet or fabric tablecloth over burns covering a large area.