Blurred vision is the loss of sharpness of vision and the inability to see small details. Any changes in your vision, whether sudden or gradual, should be checked out by an eye specialist.
Vision changes can be caused by many different things. These include eye diseases, side effects of some medicines, or a condition like diabetes. Vision changes should never be ignored. It is common to assume that vision changes are due to needing more powerful vision correction. Making this assumption, many people postpone seeing their healthcare provider about their vision changes. Delaying care is risky, however. Some eye problems, if left untreated, can lead to permanent vision loss that is not correctable with glasses. This can significantly reduce quality of life.
- Make changes in your home to reduce the risk of falling.
- Keep walkways clear of objects you may trip over. Use nonslip pads under rugs.
- Do not walk in poorly lit areas.
- Be cautious when stepping up and down from curbs and walking on uneven sidewalks.
- Brighter lighting in your home may help you see better.
Follow up with an eye specialist or as advised. There are two types of eye doctor you can consult:
- An optometrist is a licensed doctor of optometry. Optometrists are not medical doctors. Optometrists specialize in eye exams and may diagnose some eye problems. They also prescribe glasses and contact lenses.
- An ophthalmologist is a medical doctor who specializes in eye care. Ophthalmologists diagnose and treat all eye diseases, prescribe medicines, and perform eye surgery. They may also prescribe glasses and contact lenses.
An optometrist can provide a basic screening eye exam for much less cost than an ophthalmologist. The optometrist can tell you if your condition needs the services of an ophthalmologist.
When to seek medical advice
Call your healthcare provider right away if any of these occur.
- Sudden change in your vision
- Eye pain, redness, or discharge from your eyelid
- No improvement or worsening of blurriness
- Dark spots in your field of vision
- Halos around lights
- Floaters (dots or strings moving across your field of vision)
- Sudden flash of light inside your eye
- Dimness of vision
- Partial or complete loss of vision